Structural Dynamics and Relaxation Processes with Participation of Excited Singlet and Triplet States in Sterically Hindered Porphyrins and Their Chemical Dimers
Zenkevich, E. I. Structural Dynamics and Relaxation Processes with Participation of Excited Singlet and Triplet States in Sterically Hindered Porphyrins and Their Chemical Dimers / E. I. Zenkevich // Macroheterocycles. – 2014. - Vol.7, No 2. - P. 103-121.
Paper presents an overview of mutual Belarussian-Russian collaboration in the field of sterically hindered porphyrins compared with the relevant literature data. Typically, the conformational dynamics of a non-planar tetrapyrrole macrocycle at 295 K manifests itself in bathochromic absorption and fluorescence shifts (∆ν ~ 1100 cm⁻¹), the increase of the Stokes shift (∆νₛ ~ 900 cm⁻¹), broadened emission and the fluorescence strong quenching. Nevertheless, the T₁ states dynamics upon steric interactions and porphyrin non-planarity remained to be not studied yet. We found for the first time that mono- and di-meso-phenyl substitution in octaethylporphyrins led to a drastic shortening of T₁ decays (~1.5 ms → 2–5 μs) in deaerated solutions at 295 K without considerable influence on spectral-kinetic parameters of singlet states. These effects have been systematically studied for porphyrins and their chemical dimers with a controllable structure of meso-phenyl substituents as well as for meso-phenyl-substituted octaarylporphyrins with increasing number (n=1÷4) of meso-phenyl rings. In some cases, quantum-chemical calculations have been used to explain experimental findings. Paper cont ains also some recent results showing what circumstances should be taken into account when using these compounds in various areas (excited state deactivation in multiporphyrin complexes, photoinduced electron transfer, singlet oxygen generation).