Anisotropy of the photo-elastic effect in Nd : KGd(WO4) 2 laser crystals
Anisotropy of the photo-elastic effect in Nd : KGd(WO4)2 laser crystals / P. A. Loiko [et al.] // Laser Physics Letters. - 2014. - Vol. 11 №5. - Article number 055002.
The anisotropy of thermal lensing and the photo-elastic effect is characterized for diodepumped Nd : KGd(WO4)2 crystals cut along the Np and Ng optical indicatrix axes and along its optical axis, O = Ng + 43°, at a laser wavelength of 1067 nm. Distortions in the spatial profile of the output laser beam are analyzed. The thermal lens is astigmatic; the orientation of its principal meridional planes, A and B, is determined by the anisotropy of photo-elastic effect. The thermal lens has opposite signs for rays lying in the principal meridional planes for Np- and O-cut crystals; it is positive for an Ng-cut crystal. The increase of thermal lens optical power after absorption of 1 W of pump power, i.e. the thermal lens sensitivity factors MA(B), and astigmatism degree S = |MA–MB| are determined. The photo-elastic effect was found to increase the optical power of the thermal lens and was significant for all studied crystal orientations