Yb3+-doped YVO4 crystal for efficient Kerr-lens mode locking in solid-state lasers
Yb3+-doped YVO4 crystal for efficient Kerr-lens mode locking in solid-state lasers / A. A. Lagatsky [et al.] // Optics letters.– 2005. – Vol. 30, № 23. – P. 3234-3236.
We report the first demonstration, to our knowledge, of soft-aperture Kerr-lens mode locking in a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb3+:YVO4 laser. Near-transform-limited pulses as short as 61 fs are generated around a center wavelength of 1050 nm with an output power of 54 mW and a pulse repetition frequency of 104.5 MHz. This is, to our knowledge, the shortest pulse generated directly from an Yb laser having a crystalline host material. The femtosecond operation has a mode-locking threshold at an absorbed pump power of 190 mW. The nonlinear refractive indexes of the Yb3+:YVO4 crystal have been measured to be 19×10−16 cm2/W and 15×10−16 cm2/W for the σ and π polarizations, respectively, at 1080 nm.